Ajnas and Maqams
The Ajnas are the “Building Blocks” of the maqams (or maqamat). They are similar to and possibly inspired by the Greek tetrachords: “partial” three, four or five-note scale parts which are then combined to form a complete maqam (scale). The eleven most-used Ajnas are built on five different tonics: 5 on D Tonic, 4 on C Tonic, one on B1b Tonic, and one on E1 Tonic.
Figure 8-4: (Ajnas)
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